Apologetics Doubt Epistemology Evangelism faith Francis Schaeffer Philosophy

Honest Answers to Honest Questions: Francis Schaeffer and the Dogma of Doubt

Christians will doubt, and skeptics will query. That is an inevitable part of the church’s relationship to the world. There shall be occasions when the power of the trustworthy in the face of crises might be too fragile for them even to fake to have certainty, and there might be moments when the challenges of unbelievers to the core doctrines of our faith will unnerve even the most religious. Our demeanor at such occasions is almost as essential as our answers to the inquiries themselves.

Now, we will veer to one aspect by ignoring the individual before us, treating them as if they’re nothing greater than the object of our pontification, making the query merely the opportunity for us to converse and for others to pay attention. We will veer to the different by making the individual the middle, appearing as though the only factor that matters is that the questioner feels snug asking the question, making any reply to the question secondary at greatest.

Traditionally, conservatives have erred on the aspect of obedience, asking “Who are we to question the truth?” This has the advantage of taking the fact critically and remembering that actuality just isn’t decided by democratic consensus. Liberals and progressives, on the different hand, have historically gone off track by leaning too much on openness, asking “Who are we to say what is true?” This has the benefit of taking the questioner significantly and admitting that humanity’s perceptions can and do err.

One of my theological and personal heroes is Francis Schaeffer, considerably because he threaded this needle so nicely. There are so much of things to admire about him: his work encouraging the arts, his position in shifting points of human dignity to the forefront of the evangelical conscience, the approach he made it respectable for erstwhile Fundamentalists to use their minds, the means he popularized points of worldview and encouraged Christians to contemplate that their concepts did have consequences.

Nonetheless, this stuff don’t type the core for my admiration of the man. Yes, these have been, and are, vitally essential and influential for English-speaking evangelicalism and beyond, even for many who are nonetheless unaware of his influence upon them. In many ways these virtues have been merely the outflow of his pastoral fashion. Fashion is just too weak a phrase. It wasn’t an affectation however a principle which played out in the approach he spoke to individuals.

You see, what drew individuals to him wasn’t simply his theological or philosophical formulations or even his robust sense of morality. As a result of he believed that not only have been there solutions but in addition that we might know these answers, he might face the questions of skeptics and doubters with both grace to them and confidence in the fact. He had a passion for giving trustworthy solutions to trustworthy questions.

In his day, and ours, there have been those who opposed one or another finish of this little phrase. There were the individuals, broadly talking conservatives, who challenged the concept of asking questions, because doing so supposedly demonstrated a scarcity of religion. Then, there have been those individuals, broadly talking liberals, who opposed the prospect of offering solutions, as a result of to do this presumed that we’ve got any answers to give.

Schaeffer’s ministry was a lived-out refutation of each of these errors. As an alternative of merely telling his interlocutors to “shut up in believe” or letting them drift in the ignorance of “it doesn’t matter what you believe,” he labored with individuals to answer their questions on the fact claims of Christianity. By his great confidence in the reality of biblical revelation, Schaeffer spent his life convincing skeptics and church burnouts that the Phrase of God had something to say about all of their lives. He didn’t mock them for their doubts or deride them for his or her uncertainties, however, with confidence that God had not been silent, he labored to explain how their questions have been answered in the fact of Christianity.

As anyone who knows his story can inform you, he did not come to this certainty by a direct route. Growing up in a non-believing house, Schaeffer didn’t come to faith until his late teenagers. Then, after spending a number of years as a pastor in America and Europe, he almost misplaced the religion he’d been preaching to others. Failing to see a reality in the religion of his fellow Christians and his own heart, he, in impact, went again to his agnosticism, analyzing his doubts and all the presuppositions which had led him to religion in the first place.

Fortuitously for all of us who’ve benefited from his work, he found that his questions did have solutions, that his doubts about Christianity weren’t as robust as the reasons for believing it was true. It’s not that his newly renewed religion was devoid of questions, however it was reinvigorated by a renewed appreciation for its propositions. In the Bible, God had offered His image bearers with answers to life’s questions that, though they were not exhaustive, they have been adequate. He spent the subsequent few many years listening to questions, hearing individuals categorical their doubts with out shaming them for having them in the first place.

Fortunately, owing significantly to Schaeffer’s instance, there at the moment are a number of ministries, akin to his own L’Abri, the Colson Middle, and Summit Ministries, specifically oriented in the direction of helping individuals work by way of their questions and doubts. His have an effect on on the work of Chuck Colson and Nancy Pearcy is profound.

Yet, we still face many of the similar issues as we speak. There are still these Christians who feel as though doctrines of the Faith are merely to be rammed down others throats with little or no room for questions. Such methods might have the virtue of simplicity as they respect the sometimes-uncomfortable nature of fact, but they don’t do quite a bit for humanity’s private nature and the uncertainties that plague our limited vantage level.

What drives this angle is a mistaken perspective. As an alternative of being about God and His universe, it turns into about us, notably the one answering the questions. In place of being about learning the fact, it becomes a chance to prove one’s personal value as a defender of the religion. It typically ends up as an opportunity to exhibit information, to exhibit prowess with wit and knowledge, or, worse but, to beat down the different. This different individual is not a fellow human being with fears and considerations, however an enemy or a conquest.

This will likely create inside the one with “all the answers” a terrific sense of satisfaction and perhaps even the feeling of privilege of being one of the few “in the know,” however it does little to advance God’s kingdom in the world or our personal hearts. How many of us have turned away from a tutorial topic as a result of our historical past, math, poetry, or what-have-you instructor taught it so poorly that we can’t conceive ever appreciating it ourselves. Would-be apologists of the religion might consolation themselves, saying “It’s not my fault the person was so sensitive,” but we should still face the reality that you’ve put an obstacle in the means of a lost soul, one which will have obstructed you have been you in his place.

While theologically conservative Christians are recognized to fail their individuals in this approach, their more progressive counterparts have a tendency to make the opposite error. They’re ready to embrace the questions and doubts as significantly as they deserve, but they achieve this by making the questions the endgame and seeing ambiguity as admirable in itself. Just as much as the other flaw makes it about us and not God’s fact, this does the similar, except that the individual asking the query becomes central.

Where the danger for conservatives is to be obnoxious in their presentation of the fact, making the listener tired of listening to what they’ve to say, the quagmire for the progressives is to focus so much on the felt-needs of the doubter that they’re left with nothing left to say. This isn’t simply quirk of the motion, a lot much less is it hypocrisy. As an alternative it’s a perform of progressive epistemology.

They will have nice confidence in human talents to perceive the workings of worldly affairs, however once we cross the threshold to “upper story” issues of God and final which means, doubt reigns supreme. Half of this can be a affordable want to let individuals ask their questions with out disgrace or worry, however part of this can be a extra principled skepticism about whether any of us can know the solutions to those questions.

Seeing the differing views within Christendom, they chorus from standing too firmly on any specific doctrine, raising, in effect, pure human doubt to the degree of inviolable dogma of the religion. Humility is an admirable trait, however that is taking it too far. Our view of the cosmos has changed over the centuries, with those in one period completely assured that theirs is true and all predecessors have been flawed, however this doesn’t imply that there isn’t a fact nor that it cannot be recognized. The rationale we abandoned Ptolemy for Copernicus wasn’t petty bias but because we have been in a position to study that the one higher comported to the actual universe than the other.

There isn’t a higher virtue in refraining from perception on account of life’s uncertainty than there’s blindly believing the whole lot we’re informed, nor is it by some means morally enlightened to refuse an inexpensive answer out of a fascination for the query. Questions aren’t the end of the matter but the means by which we search the fact, and asking innately assumes that the fact may be recognized. In His Word, God has spoken more than the fact of fables subject to our fallible interpretations but “true truth” which we will know.

This has sensible results. Without an emphasis on the actuality and knowability of divine fact, the church turns into simply another social membership whose concepts haven’t any higher significance than fan-fiction and whose ethical stands of no more enduring value than these of a political social gathering.

If the core of the mission shifts from proclaiming the evangel of God to the church and watching world to making a group the place uncertainty is a cardinal virtue and doubt is prized as an finish in itself, it becomes much less and much less necessary that any specific factor be stated. If the focus of our faith is centered on the sincerity of our questions more than truthfulness of God’s answers, the church will inevitably alter its calls to match the preferences and mood of the world.

Progressive theologians have rightly famous the significance of loving others properly and approaching seekers’ and believers’ questions and doubts with grace and love, but they fail these similar souls by making their considerations and fears the middle of their religion. It’s important that we converse the fact in love, but a love that ignores the fact is not any love at all. We know issues about God because He has advised us who He’s and what he expects of us. No, this data will never be exhaustive in accordance to our wishes, however it is going to be adequate to our needs.

The good power of Francis Schaeffer, and the cause his example continues many years after his demise, lay on this name to give trustworthy answers to trustworthy questions. It wasn’t his information or intelligence, although such undoubtedly aided him drastically. Nor was it his allure or private traits, although these have been invaluable. What made him such an amazing apologist was that his abiding compassion for individuals was met in equal measure by his agency conviction of the fact. He beloved the people who got here to him and knew that he might help them discover peace as a result of God had spoken in a approach that we might perceive.

The facility to communicate the Christian Worldview doesn’t movement from it being our message, which we will bash over others’ heads, or from the authenticity others’ questions, which we ought to affirm no matter what, however from the proven fact that the Creator of the universe is there, and He has not been silent.

Timothy D. Padgett, PhD, is the Managing Editor of BreakPoint and the writer of Swords and Plowshares: American Evangelicals on Conflict, 1937-1973

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