PRINCIPAL WINE REGIONS OF FRANCE
Bordeaux French Wine
For two.000 years Bordeaux has been producing an incomparable range of wines.
No other region can match the large variety of the wines produced in Bordeaux and only Burgundy can match their greatness.
This area, spreading along each banks of the Garonne River in the Southern part of France, produces pink wines (the famous “clarets”); rosé wines; dry, medium-dry, sweet and really candy white wines.
The principal districts are:
MEDOC (extra information): a few of the famous parishes of Médoc are :
- silky St. Estèphe
- muscular Pauillac
- velvety St. Julien
- elegant Margaux
The wines of Médoc are purple. They are lightbodied and unique on the planet for his or her elegant perfume, their mellowness and their delicate and lengthy lasting taste.
- ST. EMILION: the wines of this district are pink, full-bodied, strong. They’ve a robust bouquet and a distinguished style.
- POMEROL: a really small district. Its wines are purple. a bit of lighter than the St. Emilions with which they share a lot of the characteristics in bouquet and taste.
- GRAVES: Graves produces both pink and white wines. The whites might either be dry or medium dry. They’re properly balanced, elegant wines with a fragile bouquet and a fruity flavour.
- SAUTERNES: Sauternes, which incorporates the township of BARSAC. produces the greatest naturally candy wines on the earth. They’ve a gorgeous deep golden color. They are mellow, very fruity with a long-lasting, wealthy flavour.
From Médoc, St. Emilion, Pomerol. Graves, Sauternes and Barsac come the best of the wines of Bordeaux. but very wonderful wines are additionally produced within the other districts.
Better recognized are the wines of CERONS, SAINTE-CROIX-DU MONT, LOUPIAC, COTES-DE BORDEAUX-SAINT-MACAIRE, PREMIERES COTES DE BORDEAUX, SAINTE-FOIX. ENTRE-DEUX-MERS, GRAVES de VAYRES, CANON FRONSAC and COTES de CANON-FRONSAC.
The pink wines of Bordeaux, particularly those from the Médoc, Graves, Pomerol and St. Emilion, age exceptionally properly. Though most of them may be drunk younger. usually they could be stored for several years.
A number of the biggest purple Bordeaux might reach their peak between 10 and 20 years and some have been recognized to final for 50 years and longer.
White wines mature more shortly than reds and the dry white Bordeaux too are drunk when young, although they hold nicely for several years. The rich wines of Sauternes are slower in reaching their peak and age very properly.
— Médoc —
Médoc is likely one of the most famous of the French wine-growing regions, consisting of the area within the département of Gironde, on the left financial institution of the Gironde estuary, north of Bordeaux. The area owes its fame to its production of pink wine, house to around 1,500 vineyards together with most of the best on the earth.
The Médoc’s geography is just not preferrred, with its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean leading to a comparatively delicate local weather and high rainfall making rot a continuing drawback. It is usually believed that the region’s greatness derives from the soil; though the terrain is flat, the superb drainage is a necessity and the elevated amount of gravel within the soil permits heat to be retained, encouraging ripening, and in depth root techniques.
Aside from Château Haut-Brion from Graves, all the pink wines in the famous 1855 Classification are from the Médoc.
Virtually all the area’s wine consists primarily of the cabernet sauvignon grape, with merlot forming nearly all of the remainder. In addition cabernet franc is often used in small portions, with petit verdot and malbec sometimes added.
The Médoc is subdivided into six smaller appellations, roughly similar to the villages of the region. From north to south they are:
St. Estèphe is a village and commune on the left bank of the Garonne estuary in the Gironde département of south-west France, famed for its production of pink wine. The village lies 20 km north-west of Bordeaux.
Saint-Estèphe is greatest generally known as the northernmost, and one of many four major wine rising appellations of the Médoc, residence to most of the world’s most-prized pink wines.
The world is separated from Château Lafite-Rothschild in Pauillac to the south by the Jalle de Breuil stream and its vineyards cover round 12 km² on the banks of the Garonne.
The layers of gravel on prime of clay result in comparatively poor drainage, and the harvest is among the latest of the entire region, though this water retention might be of use in vintages of low rainfall. The wines are distinctive and age extremely properly, although typically lack the finesse of the village’s southerly neighbours.
Number of well-known vineyards of Saint-Estèphe
- Château Calon-Ségur
- Château Cos (previously Château Cos d’Estournel)
- Château Lafon-Rochet
- Château Marbuzet
- Château Montrose
Pauillac, is a small village and port on the Gironde estuary, famed for producing a number of the best and longest-lasting purple wine on the earth.
The village boasts a mere 3000 acres (12 km²) of vineyards within the Haut-Médoc between the villages of Saint-Julien to the south and Saint-Estèphe to the north, but has the distinctive distinction of being house to 3 of Bordeaux’s 5 first progress wines: Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton-Rothschild.
Number of famous estates of Pauillac
- Château d’Armailhac
- Château Batailley
- Château Clerc Milon
- Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild
- Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse
- Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste
- Château Haut-Bages-Liberal
- Château Haut-Batailley
- Château Lafite Rothschild
- Château Latour
- Château Lynch-Bages
- Château Mouton Rothschild
- Château Pichon Longueville-Baron
- Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande
- Château Pontet-Canet
St. Julien, Listrac, Moulis
Margaux is a village and commune in the Gironde département of south-west France, famed for its manufacturing of pink wine. Population: 1,358. The village lies in the Haut Médoc wine making region on the left bank of the Garonne estuary, north west of the town of Bordeaux.
Margaux’ fame rests in the identify of the wine appellation, Margaux AOC, that encompasses the village and the neighbouring villages of Arsac, Labarde, Soussans and Cantenac, and is probably the most southerly of Médoc’s appellations. The commune makes virtually solely pink wine.
The 1855 classification contained extra wines from Margaux than from some other appellation, and its most famous vineyard, Château Margaux, was considered one of only four wines to be awarded the coveted Premier Cru status.
— Pomerol —
Pomerol is a village and wine growing region (AOC) in France. It is a commune of the Gironde département, situated near Bordeaux.
Many small growers on this area of about 7.60 km² produce a plummy, beneficiant, lengthy lived wine. Predominant grape selection used is Merlot, typically along with Cabernet Franc.
- Excellent: 1990, 1982
- Wonderful: 2000, 1998, 1995, 1989, 1985
- Excellent: 2001, 1988, 1986, 1983, 1979
- Good: 2002, 1999, 1996, 1994, 1978
- Average: 1997, 1993, 1987, 1981
- Poor: 1992, 1991, 1984, 1980, 1977
- Outstanding: Château Pétrus, Lafleur
- Wonderful: L’Eglise Clinet, L’Evangile, La Conseillante, Vieux Chateau Certan, Clinet,Trotanoy, Le Pin, Certan de Might, La Fleur de Homosexual
- Excellent: Latour a Pomerol, Gazin, Beauregard, Petit-Village, La Fleur-Petrus, La Croix de Homosexual, Le Gay
- Good: Nenin (after 1993), Rouget, La Rose Figeac, Guillot Clauzel, Clos L’Eglise, Beau-Soleil, Belle-Brise
— Saint-Émilion —
is a small city close to Bordeaux, France that’s famous for the eponymous wine area that surrounds it.
The Romans planted vines in what was to grow to be Saint-Émilion as early as the 2nd century AD. In the 4th century, the Latin poet Ausonius lauded the fruit of the bountiful vine.
The origins of the city date from the eighth century, when Emilian, a travelling confessor, got here to settle in a hermitage carved into the rock.Saint-Émilion is situated 35 km north-east of Bordeaux, between Libourne and Castillon-la-Bataille.
St Emilion is among the four principal purple wine areas of Bordeaux (the others being Médoc, Graves and Pomerol). The same grape varieties are typically used but in a special ratio, with Merlot and Cabernet Franc predominating, while relatively small amounts of Cabernet Sauvignon are used. The area is far smaller than the Médoc and adjoins the wine region of Pomerol.
As in Médoc, the winemakers devised a system of ranking the vineyards. While that of Medoc was executed in 1855 Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 that of Saint-Émilion was first accomplished in 1878.
Using the phrase “first” is critical, as in contrast to the Médoc classification which has by no means been revised (apart from the promotion of Château Mouton Rothschild from 2nd to 1st Grand Cru Classe), the Saint-Émilion classification is revised about each 10 years.
Château Ausone, and Château Cheval Blanc are the one two wines at present categorised as Premier grands crus courses A (First Great Growths class A). There are then 11 premier grands crus classés B and 62 grands crus classés. As well as, a lot of vineyards are categorized as Grand Cru.
In 1954 the wines of St-Emilion in the nice wine-growing region of Bordeaux have been categorized. In contrast to the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, the listing is updated every 10 years or so. Following the initial classification, the record was updated in 1969, 1986, and most lately in 1996.
The 1996 classification includes 13 Premier Grand Cru Classé and 62 grands crus classés.
Premiers grands crus classés A
- Château Ausone – Saint-Emilion
- Château Cheval-Blanc – Saint-Emilion
Premiers grands crus classés B
- Château Angélus- Saint-Emilion
- Château Beauséjour – Saint-Emilion
- Château Beau-Séjour Bécot – Saint-Emilion
- Château Bélair – Saint-Emilion
- Château Canon – Saint-Emilion
- Château Figeac – Saint-Emilion
- Clos Fourtet – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Gaffelière – Saint-Emilion
- Château Magdelaine – Saint-Emilion
- Château Pavie – Saint-Emilion
- Château Trottevieille – Saint-Emilion
Grands crus classés
- Château L’Arrosée – Saint-Emilion
- Château Balestard-La-Tonnelle – Saint-Emilion
- Château Bellevue – Saint-Emilion
- Château Bergat – Saint-Emilion
- Château Berliquet – Saint-Emilion
- Château Cadet-Piola – Saint-Emilion
- Château Cadet-Bon – Saint-Emilion
- Château Canon-La-Gaffelière – Saint-Emilion
- Château Cap de Mourlin – Saint-Emilion
- Château Chauvin – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Clotte – Saint-Emilion
- Château Corbin – Saint-Emilion
- Château Corbin-Michotte – Saint-Emilion
- Couvent des Jacobins – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Couspaube – Saint-Emilion
- Château Dassault – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Dominique – Saint-Emilion
- Château Faurie-de-Souchard – Saint-Emilion
- Château Fonpléglade – Saint-Emilion
- Château Fonroque – Saint-Emilion
- Château Franc-Mayne – Saint-Emilion
- Château Grand-Mayne – Saint-Emilion
- Château Grand-Pontet – Saint-Emilion
- Château Les Grandes Murailles – Saint-Emilion
- Château Guadet-Saint-Julien – Saint-Emilion
- Château Haut-Corbin – Saint-Emilion
- Château Haut Sarpe – Saint-Christophe des Bardes
- Château Clos des Jacobins – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Marzelle – Saint-Emilion
- Château Laniote – Saint-Emilion
- Château Larcis-Ducasse – Saint-Laurent des Combes
- Château Larmande – Saint-Emilion
- Château Laroque – Saint-Christophe des Bardes
- Château Laroze – Saint-Emilion
- Château Matras – Saint-Emilion
- Château Moulin du Cadet – Saint-Emilion
- Clos de l’Oratoire – Saint-Emilion
- Château Pavie-Decesse – Saint-Emilion
- Château Pavie-Macquin – Saint-Emilion
- Château Petit-Faurie-de-Soutard – Saint-Emilion
- Château Le Prieuré – Saint-Emilion
- Château Ripeau – Saint-Emilion
- Château Saint-Georges-Côte-Pavie – Saint-Emilion
- Château Saint-Martin – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Serre – Saint-Emilion
- Château Soutard – Saint-Emilion
- Château Tertre Daugay- Saint-Emilion
- Château La Tour-Figeac – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Tour-du-Pin-Figeac – Saint-Emilion
- Château La Tour du Pin Figeac Moueix – Saint-Emilion
- Château Troplong-Mondot – Saint-Emilion
- Château Villemaurine – Saint-Emilion
- Château Yon-Figeac – Saint-Emilion
— Graves —
which means ‘gravel land’ in French) is a vital wine region of Bordeaux, producing over 20 million bottles annually.
The region stretches 50 kilometers south east from the suburbs of Bordeaux itself long the left financial institution of the Garonne river, and despite being principally a producer of pink wine, it is the only of Bordeaux’s areas to be recognized for both its purple and white wines. The world encompasses villages including Pessac, Talence, Léognan, Martillac, St Morillon, and Portets.
In 1987 the area was cut up right into a second appellation with the creation of Pessac-Léognan, containing most of its most celebrated Châteaux.
This has had the effect of devaluing the identify of wines labelled with the Graves appellation, and so are thought-about by many to be better value than those of Pessac-Léognan.
The world’s pink wines are usually thought-about to be more strong than those of Médoc, and are made utilizing a majority of Cabernet Sauvignon, with smaller amounts of Merlot and Cabernet Franc. The well-known dry white wines are a blend of Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon.
Despite its importance, the region was largely ignored by the famous Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, and only a single producer, Château Haut-Brion, was included, being one among solely four wines to be assigned the standing of Premier Grand Cru Classé.
After the Second World Struggle the omission of the good wines of Graves from the official classification was having a noticeable impact on the worth and desirability of wines from the region, and so in 1953 the region announced its personal classification of purple wines, with white wines being added in 1959.
Sixteen wines got the title Grands Crus Classés, although most now fall in the Pessac-Léognan appellation.
- Château Bouscaut (pink & white)
- Château Carbonnieux (purple & white)
- Château Couhins (white)
- Château Couhins Lurton (white)
- Château Domaine de Chevalier (pink & white)
- Château Fieuzal (pink)
- Château Haut-Bailly (pink)
- Château Haut-Brion (pink)
- Château La Mission Haut-Brion (purple)
- Château Latour Haut-Brion (purple)
- Château La Tour Martillac (pink & white)
- Château Laville Haut-Brion (white)
- Château Malartic-Lagravière (pink & white)
- Château Olivier (purple & white)
- Château Pape Clément (pink)
- Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte (pink)
Different wines that move the necessities are labelled Appellation Graves Controlée. In addition, the appellation of Graves Supérieurs Controlée is reserved for the area’s candy white wines.